git merge is a command you can use to merge changes from one branch into another in a Git repository. When you run
git merge, Git will automatically combine the changes from the source branch into the target branch, creating a new commit in the process.
Here's an example of how you might use
- Create a new branch called "new-feature" and make some changes to the code.
- Switch back to the main branch (usually called "master") using
git checkout master.
git merge new-featureto merge the changes from the "new-feature" branch into the main branch.
git merge will create a new commit in the target branch with the combined changes. This allows you to keep a record of all the changes that were made on the source branch, as well as any conflicts that may have arisen during the merge.
It's also possible to use the
--no-commit flag with
git merge to prevent it from creating a new commit. This can be useful if you want to review the changes before committing them.
Here are a few more things you might want to know about
If there are no conflicts between the branches being merged,
git mergewill typically complete the merge automatically. However, if there are conflicts between the branches (i.e., changes to the same lines of code in both branches),
git mergewill pause the merge and allow you to resolve the conflicts manually.
To resolve conflicts during a merge, you will need to edit the affected files to decide which changes to keep and which to discard. Once you have resolved the conflicts, you can use
git addto mark the affected files as resolved, and then use
git committo complete the merge.
You can use the
git logcommand to view the commit history of your repository. This can be helpful when you are trying to understand the changes that were made on a specific branch or when you are trying to identify the source of a conflict during a merge.
It's generally a good idea to keep your branches up to date and merge them regularly. This can help you avoid conflicts and keep your codebase clean and organized.
You can use the
git mergeto create a "fast-forward merge." A fast-forward merge is a special type of merge that does not create a new commit, but simply "fast-forwards" the target branch to the latest commit on the source branch. This can be useful if you want to avoid creating unnecessary commits in your repository.
You can use the
git mergeto combine the changes from the source branch into a single commit on the target branch. This can be useful if you want to keep the commit history of the source branch clean and avoid cluttering the target branch with multiple commits.
It's generally a good idea to merge branches as soon as possible to avoid conflicts and keep your codebase up to date. However, if you are working on a long-running feature and want to keep your changes isolated for a while, you can use a "feature branch" to develop your changes. A feature branch is a separate branch that you can use to develop a new feature or fix a bug without affecting the main codebase. When the feature is ready, you can merge the changes back into the main branch using