git pull is a command that allows you to download the latest version of a repository from a remote server and merge it with your local version. It is the combination of two other Git commands:
git fetch, which downloads the new commits, and
git merge, which integrates the changes into your local repository.
Here is a detailed tutorial on how to use
Open a terminal window and navigate to the local repository that you want to update.
git pull, it is a good idea to first run
git fetchto download the latest changes from the remote repository. This will not modify your local repository, but it will allow you to see what changes are coming before you merge them. To do this, run the following command:
Once you have fetched the latest changes, you can view them using the
git logcommand. This will show you a list of all the commits that have been made to the repository, along with the commit message and the name of the person who made the commit. You can use this information to get an idea of what changes are coming in the next merge.
To actually perform the merge, run the following command:
This will download the latest version of the repository and automatically merge the changes into your local repository.
If there are any conflicts between the changes in your local repository and the changes being pulled from the remote repository, Git will ask you to resolve them. To do this, you will need to edit the conflicting files and choose which changes to keep. Once you have resolved the conflicts, you can use
git addto mark the modified files as resolved, and then run
git committo finalize the merge.
If you want to specify a particular branch to pull from, you can use the
-bflag followed by the branch name. For example, to pull from the
developmentbranch, you would run:
git pull -b development
Sure! Here are a few more things you might want to know about using
git pullis a convenient way to fetch and merge changes from a remote repository, but it is not always the best option. In some cases, it may be better to use
git mergeseparately, so that you have more control over the merge process. For example, you might want to use
git fetchto download the changes and then use
git diffto review the changes before merging them.
git pullwill try to merge the changes using your local merge tool. If you prefer to use a different tool, or if you want to disable merging altogether, you can use the
--no-mergeflag. This will download the changes, but it will not try to merge them.
If you want to specify a different remote repository to pull from, you can use the
-rflag followed by the repository name. For example, to pull from a repository called
upstream, you would run:
git pull -r upstream
- If you want to automatically resolve conflicts by taking the changes from the remote repository, you can use the
-X theirsflag. This will overwrite any conflicting changes in your local repository with the changes from the remote repository.
If you want to see a summary of the changes that will be merged, you can use the
--summaryflag. This will show you a list of the files that have been modified, added, or deleted, as well as the commit messages for each change.
If you want to specify a particular remote branch to pull from, you can use the
<branch>arguments. For example, to pull from the
developmentbranch of the
originrepository, you would run:
git pull origin development
- If you want to pull changes from multiple branches at once, you can use the
<remote1> <branch1> <remote2> <branch2>syntax. For example, to pull from both the
developmentbranch of the
originrepository and the
masterbranch of the
upstreamrepository, you would run:
git pull origin development upstream master
- If you want to specify a custom merge strategy, you can use the
-sflag followed by the strategy name. For example, to use the
recursivestrategy, you would run:
git pull -s recursive
There are many different merge strategies available, and which one you choose will depend on your specific needs and preferences.