<HTML> Tag

The HTML (HyperText Markup Language) tag is the backbone of any webpage. It provides the structure and content for web pages, allowing developers to create dynamic, interactive websites.

Basic Components

Here are the basic components of an HTML tag:

  • <html> tag: This is the root element for every HTML document and encapsulates all the other elements on the page.
  • <head> tag: This tag contains information about the document, such as the title, meta data, and links to other resources like CSS and JavaScript files.
  • <body> tag: This tag contains the main content of the document, including text, images, links, and other elements.


Here is a basic example of an HTML document:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>My First HTML Page</title>
    <h1>Hello, World!</h1>
    <p>This is my first HTML page.</p>

In this example, the document starts with a <!DOCTYPE html> declaration, which specifies the version of HTML used in the document. The <html> tag contains two other tags: the <head> tag and the <body> tag. The <head> tag includes a <meta> tag with the character encoding for the document, and a <title> tag with the title of the page. The <body> tag contains the main content of the page, including a heading <h1> and a paragraph <p>.

In addition to these basic elements, HTML provides a wide range of tags for structuring and formatting content, such as headings, paragraphs, lists, images, links, and more. There are also tags for creating tables, forms, and other interactive elements.

To create an HTML document, you can use a simple text editor, such as Notepad, and save the file with an .html extension. Then, you can open the file in a web browser to see the rendered page.


Overall, the HTML tag is the cornerstone of the web, providing a way to structure and display content on the internet. By learning the basics of HTML, you can start creating your own dynamic, interactive web pages.